Example term paper on ADHD:
This research study was conducted by Russell A. Barkley, PhD, Kevin R. Murphy, PhD, and Denise Kwasnik, MA. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the motor vehicle caving knowledge, skills, and negative caving outcomes of older teens and young adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
The subjects were a total of 25 young adults with ADHD and 23 young adults without ADHD 17-30 years of age(22.5 average age) drawn from the community and equated in gender,culture and educational level.
The methods that were used were structured interviews, behavior ratings by self and others, video test of driving knowledge; computer simulated driving test, and official motor vehicle records. Dependent measures were self reported driving history, official state driving record, and an elemental driving system which simulates driving using an IBM compatible software program, computer, personal console, steering wheel and directional signals which used to present high pressure real world driving scenarios from the viewpoint of the driver. The test assesses decision-making strategies while driving. The software provided a number of different scores for each trial and across the three trials.
The eight scores that were measured included traffic /speeding violations, drunk driving, license suspensions, and crashes as a driver, along with number of crashes.
To be eligible for this study, the ADHD adults had to receive an official diagnosis and present at least six of the nine symptoms of inattention and six of nine symptoms of hyperactive-impulsive symptoms lists based on retrospective recall of childhood behavior. To further screen, these symptoms persisted into adulthood as well. Of the ADHD subjects, five were currently taking medications of which four were receiving stimulants and one antidepressants. They were requested to refrain from taking their medication 24 hours before the testing procedures.
Subjects underwent testing in two half day appointments, along with structured interviews concerning any psychiatric disorders, their educational, work, and criminal, drug-use, and driving histories. The video tape test of driving knowledge was then administered followed by a computer simulated driving performance test. After these appointments, the official driving records were obtained in these subjects from the state department of motor vehicles. Read more »