The Inca Civilization essay example:
Around 1300 C.E., the Andes mountain range contained a revolutionary civilization, the Incas. The Inca incorporated elements and aspects of past Andean civilizations to create and mold themselves. The Inca civilization included a very intelligent and thoughtful group of various cultures. The Inca were a very successful group of people, which was the result of a strong government, which rivaled many other governments that came after it. Keeping watch over the Inca was a powerful leader, Pachacuti, who controlled his civilization with a use of various techniques. The Inca civilization of pre-Colombian American used concise and astute methods to control its peoples.
The Inca civilization, also known as the Twantinsuyu, commanded its people through an overpowering government, which was centralized, organized, and had the ability to seize a large portion of land through the use of a strong military. Inca, known as Pachacuti (1438-1471 C.E.), initiated military alliances and campaigns, which gave them the ability to seize lands, which included the entire area from Cuzco to the shores of Lake Titicaca. They extended control over this vast area throughout Pachacuti’s reign. By 1520, the Inca would rule an area of almost 3000 miles. The people under the rule of Pachacuti were controlled by an ingenious government, which had state organization and bureaucratic control. That government had achieved a new level of integration and domination not known in North and South America. The incredible civilization of Twantinsuyu was separated into four provinces, each with its own governor or leader, and divided into smaller districts. Each district had 10,000 people each, to get even more control over the people. The governors of each province were brothers and sisters of the royal family, which tightened the screw even more to get control over its people. The people in each of the provinces were required to pay a labor tax (mita). The labor tax was collected in terms of doing actual labor. One example of paying this tax was assigned labor on state and church lands, building projects, and mining. Read more »